Rhamnaceae Plant Family

Symbol Scientific Name Common Name Photos
ADOLP Adolphia Meisn. prickbush
ADCA2 Adolphia californica S. Wats. California prickbush
ADIN Adolphia infesta (Kunth) Meisn. junco
ALPHI Alphitonia Reissek ex Endl. alphitonia
ALPO3 Alphitonia ponderosa Hbd. Hawai'i kauilatree
ALPOA Alphitonia ponderosa Hbd. var. auwahiensis St. John Alphitonia ponderosa
ALPOC Alphitonia ponderosa Hbd. var. costata St. John Alphitonia ponderosa
ALPOG Alphitonia ponderosa Hbd. var. grandifolia St. John Alphitonia ponderosa
ALPOK Alphitonia ponderosa Hbd. var. kauila St. John Alphitonia ponderosa
ALPOL Alphitonia ponderosa Hbd. var. lanaiensis St. John Alphitonia ponderosa
AUERO Auerodendron Urban auerodendron
AUPA2 Auerodendron pauciflorum Alain turtlefat
BERCH Berchemia Neck. ex DC. supplejack
BESC Berchemia scandens (Hill) K. Koch Alabama supplejack
CEANO Ceanothus L. ceanothus
CEAM Ceanothus americanus L. New Jersey tea
CEAMI Ceanothus americanus L. var. intermedius (Pursh) Torr. & Gray Ceanothus americanus
CEAMP Ceanothus americanus L. var. pitcheri Torr. & Gray Ceanothus americanus
CEIN11 Ceanothus intermedius Pursh Ceanothus americanus
CEAR Ceanothus arboreus Greene feltleaf ceanothus
CEARG Ceanothus arboreus Greene var. glabra Jepson Ceanothus arboreus
CEAR2 Ceanothus ?arcuatus McMinn (pro sp.) [cuneatus ? fresnensis] N/A
CEBA Ceanothus ?bakeri Greene ex C.F. Baker (pro sp.) [gloriosus ? prostratus] N/A
CECO6 Ceanothus confusus J.T. Howell Rincon Ridge ceanothus
CEDIC Ceanothus divergens Parry ssp. confusus (J.T. Howell) Abrams Ceanothus confusus
CECO2 Ceanothus connivens Greene trailing buckbrush
CECO Ceanothus cordulatus Kellogg whitethorn ceanothus
CECR Ceanothus crassifolius Torr. hoaryleaf ceanothus
CECRP Ceanothus crassifolius Torr. var. planus Abrams Ceanothus crassifolius
CECU Ceanothus cuneatus (Hook.) Nutt. buckbrush
CECUC3 Ceanothus cuneatus (Hook.) Nutt. var. cuneatus buckbrush
CECUD Ceanothus cuneatus (Hook.) Nutt. var. dubius J.T. Howell Ceanothus cuneatus var. cuneatus
CECUS Ceanothus cuneatus (Hook.) Nutt. var. submontanus (Rose) McMinn Ceanothus cuneatus var. cuneatus
CERA Ceanothus ramulosus (Greene) McMinn Ceanothus cuneatus var. cuneatus
CECUF2 Ceanothus cuneatus (Hook.) Nutt. var. fascicularis (McMinn) Hoover sedgeleaf buckbrush
CERAF Ceanothus ramulosus (Greene) McMinn var. fascicularis McMinn Ceanothus cuneatus var. fascicularis
CECUR2 Ceanothus cuneatus (Hook.) Nutt. var. rigidus (Nutt.) Hoover Monterey ceanothus
CERI Ceanothus rigidus Nutt. Ceanothus cuneatus var. rigidus
CERIA Ceanothus rigidus Nutt. var. albus J.B. Roof Ceanothus cuneatus var. rigidus
CECY Ceanothus cyaneus Eastw. San Diego buckbrush
CEDE11 Ceanothus ?delileanus Spach French hybrid ceanothus
CEDE Ceanothus dentatus Torr. & Gray sandscrub ceanothus
CEDEF Ceanothus dentatus Torr. & Gray var. floribundus (Hook.) Trel. Ceanothus dentatus
CEDI Ceanothus divergens Parry Calistoga ceanothus
CEDI2 Ceanothus diversifolius Kellogg pinemat
CEDE8 Ceanothus decumbens S. Wats. Ceanothus diversifolius
CEFE Ceanothus fendleri Gray Fendler's ceanothus
CEFEV Ceanothus fendleri Gray var. venosus Trel. Ceanothus fendleri
CEFEV2 Ceanothus fendleri Gray var. viridis M.E. Jones Ceanothus fendleri
CESU3 Ceanothus subsericeus Rydb. Ceanothus fendleri
CEFE2 Ceanothus ferrisiae McMinn Coyote ceanothus
CEFL4 Ceanothus ?flexilis Greene ex McMinn [cuneatus ? prostratus] flexible ceanothus
CEFO Ceanothus foliosus Parry wavyleaf ceanothus
CEFOF3 Ceanothus foliosus Parry var. foliosus wavyleaf ceanothus
CEAU5 Ceanothus austromontanus Abrams Ceanothus foliosus var. foliosus
CEDED Ceanothus dentatus Torr. & Gray var. dickeyi Fosberg Ceanothus foliosus var. foliosus
CEFOM Ceanothus foliosus Parry var. medius McMinn wavyleaf buckbrush
CEFOV Ceanothus foliosus Parry var. vineatus McMinn Vine Hill ceanothus
CEFR Ceanothus fresnensis Dudley ex Abrams Fresno mat
CEGL Ceanothus gloriosus J.T. Howell Point Reyes ceanothus
CEGLE Ceanothus gloriosus J.T. Howell var. exaltatus J.T. Howell Point Reyes ceanothus
CEGLG3 Ceanothus gloriosus J.T. Howell var. gloriosus Point Reyes ceanothus
CEPRG Ceanothus prostratus Benth. var. grandiflorus (Torr.) Jepson Ceanothus gloriosus var. gloriosus
CERIG Ceanothus rigidus Nutt. var. grandiflorus Torr. Ceanothus gloriosus var. gloriosus
CEGLP Ceanothus gloriosus J.T. Howell var. porrectus J.T. Howell Mt. Vision ceanothus
CEGR Ceanothus greggii Gray desert ceanothus
CEGRF Ceanothus greggii Gray var. franklinii Welsh desert ceanothus
CEGRG2 Ceanothus greggii Gray var. greggii desert ceanothus
CEGRO Ceanothus greggii Gray var. orbiculatus E.H. Kelso Ceanothus greggii var. greggii
CEGRP Ceanothus greggii Gray var. perplexans (Trel.) Jepson desert ceanothus
CEGRP2 Ceanothus greggii Gray ssp. perplexans (Trel.) Beauchamp Ceanothus greggii var. perplexans
CEPE6 Ceanothus perplexans Trel. Ceanothus greggii var. perplexans
CEGRV Ceanothus greggii Gray var. vestitus (Greene) McMinn Mojave ceanothus
CEGRV2 Ceanothus greggii Gray ssp. vestitus (Greene) Thorne Ceanothus greggii var. vestitus
CEVE9 Ceanothus vestitus Greene Ceanothus greggii var. vestitus
CEGR2 Ceanothus griseus (Trel.) McMinn Carmel ceanothus
CEGRH Ceanothus griseus (Trel.) McMinn var. horizontalis McMinn Ceanothus griseus
CEHE2 Ceanothus hearstiorum Hoover & J.B. Roof Hearst Ranch buckbrush
CEHE Ceanothus herbaceus Raf. Jersey tea
CEHEP Ceanothus herbaceus Raf. var. pubescens (Torr. & Gray ex S. Wats.) Shinners Ceanothus herbaceus
CEOV Ceanothus ovatus auct. non Desf. [misapplied] Ceanothus herbaceus
CEOVP Ceanothus ovatus Desf. var. pubescens Torr. & Gray ex S. Wats. Ceanothus herbaceus
CEPU7 Ceanothus pubescens (Torr. & Gray ex S. Wats.) Rydb. ex Small Ceanothus herbaceus
CEIM Ceanothus impressus Trel. Santa Barbara ceanothus
CEIMI Ceanothus impressus Trel. var. impressus Santa Barbara ceanothus
CEIMN Ceanothus impressus Trel. var. nipomensis McMinn Santa Barbara ceanothus
CEIN Ceanothus incanus Torr. & Gray coast whitethorn
CEIN3 Ceanothus integerrimus Hook. & Arn. deerbrush
CEAN2 Ceanothus andersonii Parry Ceanothus integerrimus
CECA7 Ceanothus californicus Kellogg Ceanothus integerrimus
CEINC Ceanothus integerrimus Hook. & Arn. var. californicus (Kellogg) G.T. Benson Ceanothus integerrimus
CEINM Ceanothus integerrimus Hook. & Arn. var. macrothyrsus (Torr.) G.T. Benson Ceanothus integerrimus
CEINP Ceanothus integerrimus Hook. & Arn. var. puberulus (Greene) Abrams Ceanothus integerrimus
CEJE Ceanothus jepsonii Greene Jepson ceanothus
CEJEA Ceanothus jepsonii Greene var. albiflorus J.T. Howell Jepson ceanothus
CEJEJ2 Ceanothus jepsonii Greene var. jepsonii Jepson ceanothus
CELE Ceanothus lemmonii Parry Lemmon's ceanothus
CELE2 Ceanothus leucodermis Greene chaparral whitethorn
CELO Ceanothus ?lobbianus Hook. (pro sp.) [dentatus ? griseus] N/A
CELO2 Ceanothus ?lorenzenii (Jepson) McMinn [cordulatus ? velutinus] N/A
CEVEL2 Ceanothus velutinus Dougl. ex Hook. var. lorenzenii Jepson Ceanothus ?lorenzenii
CEMA Ceanothus maritimus Hoover maritime ceanothus
CEMA2 Ceanothus martinii M.E. Jones Martin's ceanothus
CEMA3 Ceanothus masonii McMinn Mason's ceanothus
CEME Ceanothus megacarpus Nutt. bigpod ceanothus
CEMEI2 Ceanothus megacarpus Nutt. var. insularis (Eastw.) Munz island ceanothus
CEIN9 Ceanothus insularis Eastw. Ceanothus megacarpus var. insularis
CEMEI Ceanothus megacarpus Nutt. ssp. insularis (Eastw.) Raven Ceanothus megacarpus var. insularis
CEMEM2 Ceanothus megacarpus Nutt. var. megacarpus bigpod ceanothus
CEMEP Ceanothus megacarpus Nutt. var. pendulus McMinn Ceanothus megacarpus var. megacarpus
CEME3 Ceanothus ?mendocinensis McMinn [thyrsiflorus ? velutinus] Mendocino ceanothus
CEMI4 Ceanothus microphyllus Michx. littleleaf buckbrush
CEOL Ceanothus oliganthus Nutt. hairy ceanothus
CEDI9 Ceanothus divaricatus Nutt. Ceanothus oliganthus
CEHI Ceanothus hirsutus Nutt. Ceanothus oliganthus
CEOLO5 Ceanothus oliganthus Nutt. var. oliganthus Nutt. [superfluous autonym] Ceanothus oliganthus
CEOLO Ceanothus oliganthus Nutt. var. orcuttii (Parry) Jepson Ceanothus oliganthus
CEOR4 Ceanothus orcuttii Parry Ceanothus oliganthus
CEOP Ceanothus ophiochilus Boyd, Ross & Arnseth Vail Lake ceanothus
CEOT Ceanothus ?otayensis McMinn [crassifolus ? greggii] N/A
CEPA17 Ceanothus ?pallidus Lindl. N/A
CEPA Ceanothus palmeri Trel. Palmer ceanothus
CESPP Ceanothus spinosus Nutt. var. palmeri (Trel.) Jepson Ceanothus palmeri
CEPA2 Ceanothus papillosus Torr. & Gray wartleaf ceanothus
CEPAP3 Ceanothus papillosus Torr. & Gray var. papillosus wartleaf ceanothus
CEPAR3 Ceanothus papillosus Torr. & Gray ssp. regius Jepson Ceanothus papillosus var. papillosus
CERE Ceanothus ?regius (Jepson) McMinn Ceanothus papillosus var. papillosus
CEPAR Ceanothus papillosus Torr. & Gray var. roweanus McMinn wartleaf ceanothus
CEPA3 Ceanothus parryi Trel. Parry ceanothus
CEPA4 Ceanothus parvifolius (S. Wats.) Trel. littleleaf ceanothus
CEPI Ceanothus pinetorum Coville Coville ceanothus
CEPR Ceanothus prostratus Benth. prostrate ceanothus
CEDIO Ceanothus divergens Parry ssp. occidentalis (McMinn) Abrams Ceanothus prostratus
CEPRL Ceanothus prostratus Benth. var. laxus Jepson Ceanothus prostratus
CEPRO Ceanothus prostratus Benth. var. occidentalis McMinn Ceanothus prostratus
CEPU Ceanothus pumilus Greene dwarf ceanothus
CEHU2 Ceanothus ?humboldtensis J.B. Roof Ceanothus pumilus
CEPU2 Ceanothus purpureus Jepson hollyleaf ceanothus
CEJEP Ceanothus jepsonii Greene var. purpureus (Jepson) Jepson Ceanothus purpureus
CERO4 Ceanothus roderickii Knight Pine Hill buckbrush
CERU Ceanothus ?rugosus Greene (pro sp.) [prostratus ? velutinus] N/A
CESA Ceanothus sanguineus Pursh redstem ceanothus
CEOR3 Ceanothus oreganus Nutt. Ceanothus sanguineus
CESE5 Ceanothus serpyllifolius Nutt. coastal plain buckbrush
CESE Ceanothus ?serrulatus McMinn (pro sp.) [cordulatus ? prostratus] Cascade Lake ceanothus
CESO Ceanothus sonomensis J.T. Howell Sonoma ceanothus
CESO2 Ceanothus sorediatus Hook. & Arn. jimbrush
CEIN8 Ceanothus intricatus Parry Ceanothus sorediatus
CEOLS Ceanothus oliganthus Nutt. ssp. sorediatus (Hook. & Arn.) C. Schmidt Ceanothus sorediatus
CEOLS2 Ceanothus oliganthus Nutt. var. sorediatus (Hook. & Arn.) Hoover Ceanothus sorediatus
CESP Ceanothus spinosus Nutt. redheart
CETH Ceanothus thyrsiflorus Eschsch. blueblossom
CETHR Ceanothus thyrsiflorus Eschsch. var. repens McMinn Ceanothus thyrsiflorus
CETO Ceanothus tomentosus Parry woolyleaf ceanothus
CETOO2 Ceanothus tomentosus Parry ssp. olivaceus (Jepson) Munz Ceanothus tomentosus
CETOO Ceanothus tomentosus Parry var. olivaceus Jepson Ceanothus tomentosus
CEVA Ceanothus ?vanrensselaeri J.B. Roof [incanus ? thyrsiflorus] N/A
CEVE4 Ceanothus ?veitchianus Hook. (pro sp.) [cuneatus ? griseus] N/A
CEVE Ceanothus velutinus Dougl. ex Hook. snowbrush ceanothus
CEVEH2 Ceanothus velutinus Dougl. ex Hook. var. hookeri M.C. Johnston Hooker's ceanothus
CEVEL Ceanothus velutinus Dougl. ex Hook. var. laevigatus Torr. & Gray Ceanothus velutinus var. hookeri
CEVEV4 Ceanothus velutinus Dougl. ex Hook. var. velutinus snowbrush ceanothus
CEVE2 Ceanothus verrucosus Nutt. barranca brush
COLLE3 Colletia Juss., nom. cons. N/A
COSP14 Colletia spinosissima J.F. Gmel. rosea
COSP13 Colletia spinosa Lam. Colletia spinosissima
COLUB Colubrina L.C. Rich. ex Brongn. nakedwood
COAR3 Colubrina arborescens (P. Mill.) Sarg. greenheart
COCO19 Colubrina colubrina (Jacq.) Millsp. Colubrina arborescens
COAS3 Colubrina asiatica (L.) Brongn. Asian nakedwood
COCA18 Colubrina californica I.M. Johnston Las Animas nakedwood
COTEC2 Colubrina texensis (Torr. & Gray) Gray var. californica (I.M. Johnston) L. Benson Colubrina californica
COCU Colubrina cubensis (Jacq.) Brongn. Cuban nakedwood
COCUF Colubrina cubensis (Jacq.) Brongn. var. floridana M.C. Johnston Cuban nakedwood
COEL2 Colubrina elliptica (Sw.) Briz. & Stern soldierwood
CORE7 Colubrina reclinata (L'H?r.) Brongn. Colubrina elliptica
COGL5 Colubrina glandulosa Perkins glandular nakedwood
COGLA Colubrina glandulosa Perkins var. antillana (M.C. Johnston) M.C. Johnston glandular nakedwood
CORUA Colubrina rufa (Vell.) Reissek var. antillana M.C. Johnston Colubrina glandulosa var. antillana
COGR7 Colubrina greggii S. Wats. Sierra nakedwood
COOP Colubrina oppositifolia Brongn. ex Mann kauila
COST6 Colubrina stricta Engelm. ex M.C. Johnston comal nakedwood
COTE6 Colubrina texensis (Torr. & Gray) Gray Texan hogplum
COTEP Colubrina texensis (Torr. & Gray) Gray var. pedunculata M.C. Johnston Texan hogplum
COTET Colubrina texensis (Torr. & Gray) Gray var. texensis Texan hogplum
COVE6 Colubrina verrucosa (Urban) M.C. Johnston Urban's nakedwood
COUR Colubrina urbanii M.C. Johnston Colubrina verrucosa
HYSP7 Hybosperma spinosum Urban Colubrina verrucosa
CONDA Condalia Cav. snakewood
COCO11 Condalia correllii M.C. Johnston Correll's snakewood
COER5 Condalia ericoides (Gray) M.C. Johnston javelin bush
MIER Microrhamnus ericoides Gray Condalia ericoides
COGL Condalia globosa I.M. Johnston bitter snakewood
COGLP Condalia globosa I.M. Johnston var. pubescens I.M. Johnston bitter snakewood
COHO Condalia hookeri M.C. Johnston Brazilian bluewood
COHOE Condalia hookeri M.C. Johnston var. edwardsiana (Cory) M.C. Johnston Edwards's bluewood
COHOH Condalia hookeri M.C. Johnston var. hookeri Brazilian bluewood
COOB7 Condalia obovata Hook. Condalia hookeri var. hookeri
COME16 Condalia mexicana Schlecht. [excluded] N/A
COSP3 Condalia spathulata Gray knifeleaf condalia
COVE11 Condalia velutina I. M. Johnst. N/A
COVI8 Condalia viridis I.M. Johnston green snakewood
COWA Condalia warnockii M.C. Johnston Warnock's snakewood
COWAK Condalia warnockii M.C. Johnston var. kearneyana M.C. Johnston Kearney's snakewood
COWAW Condalia warnockii M.C. Johnston var. warnockii Warnock's snakewood
FRANG Frangula P. Mill. buckthorn
FRAL4 Frangula alnus P. Mill. glossy buckthorn
RHFR Rhamnus frangula L. Frangula alnus
RHFRC2 Rhamnus frangula L. ssp. columnaris hort. Frangula alnus
RHFRA Rhamnus frangula L. var. angustifolia Loud. Frangula alnus
FRBE2 Frangula betulifolia (Greene) V. Grub. beechleaf frangula
FRBEB Frangula betulifolia (Greene) V. Grub. ssp. betulifolia beechleaf frangula
RHBE Rhamnus betulifolia Greene Frangula betulifolia ssp. betulifolia
FRBEO Frangula betulifolia (Greene) V. Grub. ssp. obovata (Kearney & Peebles) Kartesz & Gandhi obovate buckthorn
RHBEO Rhamnus betulifolia Greene var. obovata Kearney & Peebles Frangula betulifolia ssp. obovata
FRBL Frangula ?blumeri (Greene) Kartesz & Gandhi (pro sp.) [betulifolia ? californica] N/A
RHBL2 Rhamnus blumeri Greene Frangula ?blumeri
FRCA12 Frangula californica (Eschsch.) Gray California buckthorn
FRCAC5 Frangula californica (Eschsch.) Gray ssp. californica California buckthorn
RHCA Rhamnus californica Eschsch. Frangula californica ssp. californica
RHCAC8 Rhamnus californica Eschsch. ssp. californica Eschsch. [superfluous autonym] Frangula californica ssp. californica
FRCAC6 Frangula californica (Eschsch.) Gray ssp. crassifolia (Jepson) Kartesz & Gandhi California buckthorn
RHCAC Rhamnus californica Eschsch. ssp. crassifolia (Jepson) C.B. Wolf Frangula californica ssp. crassifolia
RHTOC Rhamnus tomentella Benth. ssp. crassifolia (Jepson) J.O. Sawyer Frangula californica ssp. crassifolia
FRCAC7 Frangula californica (Eschsch.) Gray ssp. cuspidata (Greene) Kartesz & Gandhi California buckthorn
RHCAC2 Rhamnus californica Eschsch. ssp. cuspidata (Greene) C.B. Wolf Frangula californica ssp. cuspidata
RHTOC2 Rhamnus tomentella Benth. ssp. cuspidata (Greene) J.O. Sawyer Frangula californica ssp. cuspidata
FRCAO4 Frangula californica (Eschsch.) Gray ssp. occidentalis (T.J. Howell) Kartesz & Gandhi California buckthorn
RHCAO Rhamnus californica Eschsch. ssp. occidentalis (T.J. Howell) C.B. Wolf Frangula californica ssp. occidentalis
RHCAO2 Rhamnus californica Eschsch. var. occidentalis (T.J. Howell) Jepson Frangula californica ssp. occidentalis
FRCAT2 Frangula californica (Eschsch.) Gray ssp. tomentella (Benth.) Kartesz & Gandhi California buckthorn
RHCAT Rhamnus californica Eschsch. ssp. tomentella (Benth.) C.B. Wolf Frangula californica ssp. tomentella
RHTO6 Rhamnus tomentella Benth. Frangula californica ssp. tomentella
RHTOT4 Rhamnus tomentella Benth. ssp. tomentella Benth. [superfluous autonym] Frangula californica ssp. tomentella
FRCAU Frangula californica (Eschsch.) Gray ssp. ursina (Greene) Kartesz & Gandhi California buckthorn
RHCAU2 Rhamnus californica Eschsch. ssp. ursina (Greene) C.B. Wolf Frangula californica ssp. ursina
RHCAU3 Rhamnus californica Eschsch. var. ursina (Greene) McMinn Frangula californica ssp. ursina
RHTOU Rhamnus tomentella Benth. ssp. ursina (Greene) J.O. Sawyer Frangula californica ssp. ursina
FRCA13 Frangula caroliniana (Walt.) Gray Carolina buckthorn
RHCA2 Rhamnus caroliniana Walt. Frangula caroliniana
RHCAM Rhamnus caroliniana Walt. var. mollis Fern. Frangula caroliniana
FRPU7 Frangula purshiana (DC.) Cooper Cascara buckthorn
RHPU Rhamnus purshiana DC. Frangula purshiana
FRRU Frangula rubra (Greene) V. Grub. red buckthorn
FRRUM Frangula rubra (Greene) V. Grub. ssp. modocensis (C.B. Wolf) Kartesz & Gandhi Modoc buckthorn
RHRUM Rhamnus rubra Greene ssp. modocensis C.B. Wolf Frangula rubra ssp. modocensis
FRRUN Frangula rubra (Greene) V. Grub. ssp. nevadensis (A. Nels.) Kartesz & Gandhi Nevada buckthorn
RHRUN Rhamnus rubra Greene ssp. nevadensis (A. Nels.) C.B. Wolf Frangula rubra ssp. nevadensis
FRRUO Frangula rubra (Greene) V. Grub. ssp. obtusissima (Greene) Kartesz & Gandhi obtuse buckthorn
RHRUO Rhamnus rubra Greene ssp. obtusissima (Greene) C.B. Wolf Frangula rubra ssp. obtusissima
FRRUR Frangula rubra (Greene) V. Grub. ssp. rubra red buckthorn
RHRU Rhamnus rubra Greene Frangula rubra ssp. rubra
FRRUY Frangula rubra (Greene) V. Grub. ssp. yosemitana (C.B. Wolf) Kartesz & Gandhi Yosemite buckthorn
RHRUY Rhamnus rubra Greene ssp. yosemitana C.B. Wolf Frangula rubra ssp. yosemitana
FRSP2 Frangula sphaerosperma (Sw.) Kartesz & Gandhi West Indian buckthorn
FRSPL Frangula sphaerosperma (Sw.) Kartesz & Gandhi ssp. longipes (M.C. & L.A. Johnston) Kartesz & Gandhi West Indian buckthorn
RHSPL Rhamnus sphaerosperma Sw. var. longipes M.C. & L.A. Johnston Frangula sphaerosperma ssp. longipes
GOUAN Gouania Jacq. chewstick
GOHI2 Gouania hillebrandii Oliver ex Hbd. hairyfruit chewstick
GOCU Gouania cucullata St. John Gouania hillebrandii
GOFA Gouania faurieri St. John Gouania hillebrandii
GOLY Gouania lydgatei St. John Gouania hillebrandii
GOMA Gouania mannii St. John Gouania hillebrandii
GOPI Gouania pilata St. John Gouania hillebrandii
GORE3 Gouania remyi St. John Gouania hillebrandii
GOSA2 Gouania sandwichiana St. John Gouania hillebrandii
GOTH2 Gouania thinophila St. John Gouania hillebrandii
GOLU2 Gouania lupuloides (L.) Urban whiteroot
BALU4 Banisteria lupuloides L. Gouania lupuloides
GOME Gouania meyenii Steud. smoothfruit chewstick
GOGA Gouania gagnei St. John Gouania meyenii
GOOL Gouania oliveri St. John Gouania meyenii
GOPO Gouania polygama (Jacq.) Urban liane savon
GOVI Gouania vitifolia Gray Oahu chewstick
GOBI2 Gouania bishopii Hbd. Gouania vitifolia
GOHA2 Gouania hawaiiensis St. John Gouania vitifolia
HOVEN Hovenia Thunb. hovenia
HODU2 Hovenia dulcis Thunb. Japanese raisintree
KARWI Karwinskia Zucc. karwinskia
KAHU Karwinskia humboldtiana (J.A. Schultes) Zucc. coyotillo
KRUGI Krugiodendron Urban krugiodendron
KRFE Krugiodendron ferreum (Vahl) Urban leadwood
RHFE2 Rhamnus ferreus Vahl Krugiodendron ferreum
MAESO Maesopsis Engl. umbrella-tree
MAEM2 Maesopsis eminii Engl. umbrella-tree
PALIU Paliurus P. Mill. Jeruselem thorn
PASP16 Paliurus spina-christi P. Mill. Jeruselem thorn
RHPA8 Rhamnus paliurus L. Paliurus spina-christi
REYNO2 Reynosia Griseb. darlingplum
REGU Reynosia guama Urban guama
REKR Reynosia krugii Urban Krug's darlingplum
RESE Reynosia septentrionalis Urban darlingplum
REUN Reynosia uncinata Urban sloe
RHAMN Rhamnus L. buckthorn
RHAL12 Rhamnus alaternus L. Italian buckthorn
RHAL Rhamnus alnifolia L'H?r. alderleaf buckthorn
RHAR6 Rhamnus arguta Maxim. sharp-tooth buckthorn
RHARV Rhamnus arguta Maxim. var. velutina Hand.-Maz. N/A
RHCA3 Rhamnus cathartica L. common buckthorn
RHCR Rhamnus crocea Nutt. redberry buckthorn
RHCRC Rhamnus crocea Nutt. ssp. crocea redberry buckthorn
RHCRI5 Rhamnus crocea Nutt. ssp. insula (Kellogg) C. B. Wolf [excluded] N/A
RHCRP2 Rhamnus crocea Nutt. ssp. pilosa (Trel.) C.B. Wolf hollyleaf buckthorn
RHPI4 Rhamnus pilosa (Trel.) Abrams Rhamnus crocea ssp. pilosa
RHDA Rhamnus davurica Pallas Dahurian buckthorn
RHDAD2 Rhamnus davurica Pallas ssp. davurica Dahurian buckthorn
RHCI5 Rhamnus citrifolia (Weston) Hess & Stern, non Rusby Rhamnus davurica ssp. davurica
RHDAN2 Rhamnus davurica Pallas ssp. nipponica (Makino) Kartesz & Gandhi Dahurian buckthorn
RHDAN Rhamnus davurica Pallas var. nipponica Makino Rhamnus davurica ssp. nipponica
RHGL8 Rhamnus globosa Bunge lokao
RHCH10 Rhamnus chlorophora Decne. Rhamnus globosa
RHGL7 Rhamnus globosus Bunge [orthographic variant] Rhamnus globosa
RHIL Rhamnus ilicifolia Kellogg hollyleaf redberry
RHCRI2 Rhamnus crocea Nutt. ssp. ilicifolia (Kellogg) C.B. Wolf Rhamnus ilicifolia
RHCRI3 Rhamnus crocea Nutt. var. ilicifolia (Kellogg) Greene Rhamnus ilicifolia
RHJA8 Rhamnus japonica Maxim. Japanese buckthorn
RHLA Rhamnus lanceolata Pursh lanceleaf buckthorn
RHLAG2 Rhamnus lanceolata Pursh ssp. glabrata (Gleason) Kartesz & Gandhi lanceleaf buckthorn
RHLAG Rhamnus lanceolata Pursh var. glabrata Gleason Rhamnus lanceolata ssp. glabrata
RHLAL3 Rhamnus lanceolata Pursh ssp. lanceolata lanceleaf buckthorn
RHLI3 Rhamnus libanotica Boiss. N/A
RHLY Rhamnus lycioides L. N/A
RHLYO Rhamnus lycioides L. ssp. oleoides (L.) Jahand. & Maire N/A
RHOL2 Rhamnus oleoides L. Rhamnus lycioides ssp. oleoides
RHPE12 Rhamnus petiolaris Boiss. N/A
RHPI Rhamnus pirifolia Greene island redberry
RHCRP4 Rhamnus crocea Nutt. ssp. pirifolia (Greene) C.B. Wolf Rhamnus pirifolia
RHCRP3 Rhamnus crocea Nutt. var. pirifolia (Greene) Little Rhamnus pirifolia
RHSA7 Rhamnus saxatilis Jacq. rock buckthorn
RHIN15 Rhamnus infectoria L. Rhamnus saxatilis
RHSE3 Rhamnus serrata Humb. & Bonpl. ex J.A. Schultes sawleaf buckthorn
RHFA2 Rhamnus fasciculata Greene Rhamnus serrata
RHSMF Rhamnus smithii Greene ssp. fasciculata (Greene) C.B. Wolf Rhamnus serrata
RHSM Rhamnus smithii Greene Smith's buckthorn
RHSMT Rhamnus smithii Greene ssp. typica C.B. Wolf Rhamnus smithii
RHSP8 Rhamnus ?spathulifolia Fisch. & C. A. Mey. N/A
RHUT80 Rhamnus utilis Dcne. Chinese buckthorn
SAGER Sageretia Brongn. mock buckthorn
SAMI10 Sageretia minutiflora (Michx.) C. Mohr smallflower mock buckthorn
RHMI12 Rhamnus minutiflora Michx. Sageretia minutiflora
SATH5 Sageretia thea (Osbeck) M.C. Johnston pauper's-tea
SAWR Sageretia wrightii S. Wats. Wright's mock buckthorn
SMYTH Smythea Seem. N/A
SMLA4 Smythea lanceata (Tul.) Summerhayes N/A
ZIZIP Ziziphus P. Mill. jujube
ZICE Ziziphus celata Judd & Hall Florida jujube
ZILO Ziziphus lotus (L.) Lam. lotus jujube
ZIMA Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. Indian jujube
ZIJU2 Ziziphus jujuba (L.) Lam., non P. Mill. Ziziphus mauritiana
ZINU2 Ziziphus nummularia (Burman f.) Wight & Arn. jujube
ZIOB Ziziphus obtusifolia (Hook. ex Torr. & Gray) Gray lotebush
ZIOBC Ziziphus obtusifolia (Hook. ex Torr. & Gray) Gray var. canescens (Gray) M.C. Johnston lotebush
COLYC Condalia lycioides (Gray) Weberb. var. canescens (Gray) Trel. Ziziphus obtusifolia var. canescens
COLYC2 Condaliopsis lycioides (Gray) Suess. var. canescens (Gray) Suess. Ziziphus obtusifolia var. canescens
ZIOBO Ziziphus obtusifolia (Hook. ex Torr. & Gray) Gray var. obtusifolia lotebush
COLY2 Condalia lycioides (Gray) Weberb. Ziziphus obtusifolia var. obtusifolia
COOB6 Condalia obtusifolia (Hook. ex Torr. & Gray) Weberb. Ziziphus obtusifolia var. obtusifolia
COLY3 Condaliopsis lycioides (Gray) Suess. Ziziphus obtusifolia var. obtusifolia
ZIPA Ziziphus parryi Torr. Parry's jujube
COPA27 Condalia parryi (Torr.) Weberb. Ziziphus parryi
COPA21 Condaliopsis parryi (Torr.) Suess. Ziziphus parryi
ZIPAP3 Ziziphus parryi Torr. var. parryi Torr. [superfluous autonym] Ziziphus parryi
ZIRE Ziziphus reticulata (Vahl) DC. cacao rojo
SARE14 Sarcomphalus reticulatus (Vahl) Urban Ziziphus reticulata
ZIRI Ziziphus rignonii Delponte soana
SADO9 Sarcomphalus domingensis (Spreng.) Krug & Urban Ziziphus rignonii
ZITA Ziziphus taylorii (Britt.) M.C. Johnston Taylor's jujube
SATA3 Sarcomphalus taylorii Britt. Ziziphus taylorii
ZIZI Ziziphus zizyphus (L.) Karst. common jujube
ZIJU Ziziphus jujuba P. Mill. Ziziphus zizyphus